Infographic: What Is Career & Technical Education?
Now let’s take a look at the literal definition of CTE.
The Definition of Career & Technical Education
We’ll explore our own definition of CTE that we supplied at the top of the page.
Career and technical education (CTE) is the practice of teaching skills-based careers to students in middle school, high school, and post-secondary institutions.
At AES, we believe this is the most accurate definition of CTE because it highlights CTE’s unique qualities and why it’s important.
First,CTE is focused on skills. This differs from traditional and university-based education, which is based ontheory.
CTE includessometheory, but that’s typically only seen in introductory materials.
Practice, hands-on experience, and application tests make up the bulk of CTE. This is important because CTE careers require workers to have experience in their fieldbeforestarting a career.
After all, many CTE tracks take students to careers that can save lives. Health science, government, law, agriculture, and construction especially relate to others’ health and safety.
Because of that, CTE instructors often focus more onpractice andimprovement instead of textbook memorization.
Second,CTE is applicable to almost every educational age range. This is because students can understand fundamentals of any career as early as sixth grade, and they can build essential skills well into adulthood.
That’s why you’ll find CTE tracks offered in middle schools, high schools, and post-secondary institutions.
Then, students can earn the certifications they need to start their careers, many of which are currently in high demand.
At the same time, CTE tracks don’t limit students to single careers. In fact, many students use these courses as preparation before moving onto community college or university.
That gives CTE two advantages that you can’t find in many other education fields:
CTE is highly-specific
CTE is highly-versatile
Typically, these qualities are at opposite ends of the education spectrum. A teaching method is either general and versatile or specific and inflexible.
WithCTE, students get the best of both worlds.
Now, let’s delve into the 16 career clusters CTE offers to students.
The 16 Clusters of Career & Technical Education
The 16 career clusters of CTE are distinct, specialized areas of expertise in high-demand occupations.
Some clusters are more in-demand than others, plus they become more or less popular as the economy and culture of an area change as well. On top of that, CTE clusters change based on new breakthroughs, best practices, and other advancements.
In other words, the 16 CTE clusters are rich, expansive career opportunities that allow students to explore what they love. They provide an alternative to traditional education, though it’s also common for CTE graduates to continue their education at four-year universities and even pursue advanced degrees.
Altogether, this means CTE’s career clusters teach students life skills and career skills at the same time, jump-starting their lives and turning them into productive members of their communities.
But this is just an overview. Some states like Florida and Texas have their own career clusters, so you'll still want check specific differences in career pathways in your state.
To get a better idea of CTE’s 16 career tracks, let’s take a look at each one individually.
1. Health Science
Popular Careers: Nursing, Patient Care Technician, Certified Medical Assistant
Health science is one of the most popular CTE career tracks today.
But why is health science so popular? It boils down to three key facts:
There are more people alive today than at any other point in history
People are living longer today than at any other point in history
The US emphasis on universities pushed studentsawayfrom essential medical support roles for the past 10 years
As a result, today’s health science students have golden opportunities to start lucrative careers as nurses,patient care technicians, and more.
This is important because it shows students that they don’t need to go through a decade of post-secondary education to help others.
Health science students can start saving and improving lives of patients the day after they earn their appropriate certifications.
It’s been used in a variety of areas andfor a variety of purposesthroughout the United States. Mainly, it supports CTE teachers who don’t have formal training in education, but they’re experts in their fields.
HealthCenter21 has course templates, lesson plans, teaching modules, and other helpful resources that simplify the teaching process.
That means teachers can help their students without spending hours of their free time pouring over CTE health science textbooks to create a custom syllabus.
Health science is just the beginning though. CTE offers more than a dozen other high-demand career tracks.
2. Business, Management, & Administration
Popular Careers: Human Resources, Data Entry, Business Management
Business is one of the most commonly-taught courses in CTE because of its versatility.
A background in business prepares CTE students with a leg-up in almost every career path, especially management.
While CTE doesn’t delve into business as deeply as a Bachelor’s or Master’s degree, it provides the foundational knowledge someone needs to help businesses grow — or even start a business of their own!
Business management and administrationis also an area where CTE students can earn certifications to prove their knowledge. This isn’t as common as certifications in health science, but they’re still valuable additions to any student’s resume.
Business is just the beginning though. There are more tracks that deal with common office work, and they’re much more specialized than just “business.”
3. Marketing, Sales, & Service
Popular Careers: Marketing Specialist, Sales Representative, Data Analyst
Marketing, sales, and service are all based on the concepts of customer acquisition and customer retention.
They deal with different parts of the customer experience, but they’re all essential in keeping a company viable.
Marketing kicks off the customer experience by turning curious parties into sales leads.
Sales takes that lead and works with them to turn them into a paying customer.
Service (sometimes calledcustomer success) makes sure that customer stays happy and sticks with the company for as long as possible.
In that respect, every company needs employees who represent each of these three areas.
CTE preps students for the basics in each of these specialties and helps them combine their skills to form a successful customer experience.
Popular Careers: Accountant, Controller, Accounts Receivable
The finance CTE track teaches students how to handle large-scale bookkeeping, accounting, and more.
It gives students a strong foundation in understanding cash, revenue, expenditures, profit margins, and more.
This is the ideal scenario for someone making their first steps into the financial world, whether that’s with an accounting firm or working a company’s accounts receivable.
It’s worth noting that most finance students will probably need a more advanced degree as they work their way up the corporate ladder.
This is because finance is a highly-competitive field. If a CTE student has dreams of moving to Wall Street or a similar high-competition environment, they’ll need additional diplomas and certifications.
This isn’t necessary for every finance student though. In fact, CTE finance graduates can earn a fine living with nothing more than their graduation certificate and industry certifications.
The biggest challenge in finance is that it’s constantly changing. The industry can turn on a dime (no pun intended), and applicable laws change with the tides.
But if a student has the endurance and drive to keep up with these changes, a CTE background gives them everything they need to succeed.
5. Information Technology (IT)
Popular Careers: Site Reliability Engineer, Information Technology Solutions, Network Specialist
Information technology (IT) is the application of digital networking, information transfer, server reliability, and other21st Century essentials.
CTE students who choose the IT track will learn everything they need to bring whole companies online in terms of local servers, equipment maintenance, and networking setup.
Plus, IT graduates walk straight into one of the most lucrative and high-demand job markets in the world.
Once a student has their IT certification, they can start a career anywhere from local businesses to Google.
This career is becoming increasingly important as more businesses switch to Internet- and cloud-based business models that require greater degrees of reliability.
With that in mind, the combination of CTE and on-the-job training can make any IT graduate grow from entry-level work to chief information officer in a matter of years.
Popular Careers: Mechanic, CAD Specialist, Engineering Technologies
Science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) is one of the hottest occupational topics in America, covering everything from shop class to vehicle design.
STEM is so popular for the same reason as health science — there are a lot of STEM-related careers, but very few people to fill them.
As a result, CTE STEM graduates have golden opportunities to earn high salaries with low levels of competition from other STEM graduates.
In other words, there are plenty of STEM opportunities to go around.
STEM graduates can move into machinery, computer applications, and even high-level engineering — especially if they pursue advanced degrees after their time in CTE.
The sky is the limit for STEM students, and the world needs their expertise.
Popular Careers: Production Specialist, Materials Manager, Materials Acquisition
Manufacturing in CTE covers all of the processes, materials, and protocols that are commonly found in mass production.
While manufacturing isn’t a large part of the US economy in the 21st Century, it’s still a major track in CTE.
That’s because smaller companies — especially in states like Pennsylvania — still maintain manufacturing facilities for the sake of boasting that their products are made in the United States.
Even if a CTE student can’t get into a grassroots manufacturing company, it’s still a valuable field for all the companies that outsource inventory production.
So even though manufacturing isn’t quite as big in the US anymore, CTE students can still launch successful careers in manufacturing.
8. Transportation, Distribution, & Logistics
Popular Careers: Logistics Planner, Distribution Manager, Transportations Analyst
Transportation, distribution, & logistics deals with the foundation of the world economy — moving and tracking inventory from Point A to Point B.
Logistics is a notoriously detailed industry that requires someone with a keen eye for organization.
That’s difficult to find in today’s job market. Fortunately, that means CTE students who specialize in logistics have plenty of career opportunities in almost every area of the United States.
Trucking, shipping, and storage all fall under the umbrella of this CTE specialty. As a result, any company that needs to track inventory will always need transportation, distribution, & logistics specialists.
During CTE, these students get hands-on experience with tracking systems, identification technologies, and scheduling practices to ensure companies can run smoothly.
Tracking systems are especially important, and some students may even spend time with radio frequency identification (RFID) practices and back-end systems management.
But on the whole, these CTE graduates work to keep the trains (and trucks) running on time.
9. Hospitality & Tourism
Popular Careers: Assistant Hotel Director, Guest Experience Specialist, Reception Manager
Hospitality & tourism shows CTE students how to manage businesses like hotels, motels, inns, bed-and-breakfasts, and tourist attractions.
This is especially valuable in states like Florida, California, or Colorado that draw swarms of tourists on a regular basis.
This CTE track covers virtually everything a student needs to know about turning seasonal visitors into a viable, long-term industry.
CTE graduates may not go on to run a hotel right off the bat, but they can at least get the relevant experience that complements their education.
Then, they can get hands-on experience with hospitality management, including all of the business and industry principles that go along with that.
This is CTE track is especially valuable for any students who plan to stay in the areas in which they were born, acting as a native resource for outside visitors to their town.
10. Government & Public Administration
Popular Careers: Administrative Assistant, Project Manager, Zoning Specialist
Government & public administration covers the current setup of governments, how citizens interact with governments, and how governments maintain order.
Typically, that means CTE students learn aboutlocalgovernments. Taxes, parks, budgeting, councils — these locally-oriented governmental issues all require someone with background knowledge.
That’s the kind of information CTE students learn when they start the government track.
This career path can earn a lot of money for students, but it can also bring a lot of stress.
The stress comes from the fact that many government positions — including those at the local level — are elected positions.
That means students with higher aspirations about working in local government will also need to participate in politics and popularity contests.
While the government CTE track may not tell students how to market themselves to get the most votes, itwilllaunch them into government work in general.
11. Law, Public Safety, & Security
Popular Careers: Criminal Justice, Paralegal, Law Enforcement
Law, public safety, & security focuses on emergency services and all legal-based occupations.
In general, law is well-known as a profitable career path. While that’s not a great reason for someone to learn law in the first place, it’s a definite motivator for CTE students who want to work as paralegals or legal bookkeepers.
On top of that, this career path is a great start for students who want to branch into criminal justice, particularly law enforcement.
They may require a Bachelor’s degree in some police jurisdictions, but a CTE background at least gives a student a head start on pursuing their dreams.
At the very least, CTE gives students the chance to work in other capacities of legal occupations, including clerical work.
That’s an excellent starting place for anyone looking to get more involved in law, and it pays well enough to keep additional education on the table.
But even if a student doesn’t want to pursue further education, they still have lots of options at their fingertips by following the CTE track for law, public safety, & security.
12. Agriculture, Food, & Natural Resources
Popular Careers: Agricultural Inspector, Agronomist, Wildlife Administrator
Agriculture, food, & natural resources teaches CTE students about how human life is sustained around the world.
This allows graduates to pursue a wide range of careers, as agriculture is an enormous field.
These students can go on to become farmers themselves — but that’s only the most obvious career. They can also work as inspectors, lab technicians, administrators, and researchers.
Depending on the work environment a CTE student enjoys, they can really do anything their heart desires with an agriculture background.
Do they want to work outside? There’s plenty of hands-on, clear-skies work that needs done around the United States.
Do they prefer the indoors? Laboratories constantly test different parts of agriculture — like soil and building emissions — for compliance.
The wide-ranging field of agriculture is a great choice for any CTE student. It may not be for everyone, but it’s a solid career path.
13. Human Services
Popular Careers: Social Worker, Rehabilitation, Social Service Assistant
Human services refers to careers that focus on the needs of individual people.
Typically, these needs revolve around some element that’s lacking in a person’s life.
Social work, social services, and drug rehabilitation all fall under this umbrella. In some states, this CTE background may also apply to special education.
Students follow this track when they have a burning passion to help people emotionally. This differs slightly from health science, which is more based on helping people physically.
Unfortunately, human services careers frequently pay less than careers in other CTE tracks. This could be for any number of reasons, but it also ensures students follow this path because they want to — not because they want the salary.
That concept acts as a double-edged sword. But it’s hard to find students more passionate about what they do (and who they help) than in the human services track.
14. Architecture & Construction
Popular Careers: Construction Technology, Construction Inspector, Project Estimator
Architecture & construction CTE students study the principles of designing and crafting structures.
While a graduate from this track isn’t immediately qualified to become an architect, theyarequalified to work at an architect office or construction company.
They may want to get their hands dirty and build structures or stay at a desk and help design them — that’s up to them.
But they’ll be prepared for either possibility with a CTE background.
Still, a student following architecture & construction may decide they want to work in a completely different capacity.
That’s when they can look into becoming construction inspectors, project estimators, and other careers.
At the end of the day, the United States is expanding in almost every city. Architecture & construction specialists are in demand every day becausesomeonehas to design and build the cities of tomorrow.
With a CTE background, students can get in on the ground floor of that excitement.
15. Education & Training
Popular Careers: Training Consultant, Teaching Aide, Safety Specialist
Education & training turns CTE students into experts in the learning process, empowering them to teach others just as well as they’ve been taught.
While this isn’t enough to become a teacher in most states, a CTE background in education still makes someone a prime candidate for careers in training and recruitment.
That could be anything from on-the-job training to consulting. A student on this career track can find just as much opportunity in a small business as a multinational corporation — wherever workplace standards are in place.
As a result, this track is vague. But it’s also broad.
Students in this track can take this knowledge virtually anywhere in the world and it’ll still apply.
By learning training and educational principles, they can become excellent teachers — even if they’re teaching new hires at a company.
Many of these high schools use our product to prepare students for certifications, and others choose to use it as supplemental material. Often, teachers see the most success when using differentiated instruction techniques to vary the content students see in the classroom.
That’s how many CTE classes work at the high school level.
Instructors are generally experienced in their field — they just need teaching resources like Business&ITCenter21.
CTE in Post-Secondary Institutions
CTE in post-secondary institutions typically includes complete tracks that end in certification or graduation.
Many of these students go straight from the institution to starting their careers.
The career tracks at post-secondary institutions take students from introduction to employment straight through.
They may also have the chance to get first-hand experience with different tools, scenarios, or principles through internships.
On the flip side, CTE institutions also tend to cost more money than taking the same classes in high school or middle school.
Some institutions are also for-profit colleges, which have a poor reputation for quality.
Still, taking CTE courses from an institution is a viable option for pursuing a technical education.
In fact, it’s common for many students right out of high school, whether they’re starting their education from scratch or continuing what they learned in high school.
So now that we’ve looked atwhereCTE is taught, let’s dive into how it's taught.
What's the Best Way to Teach CTE Classes?
CTE can be taught in a variety of ways, but over the years we've found it works best when used withblended learning.
Blended learning is an education strategy that features multiple teaching methods to help students learn more effectively than one method on its own.