How to Teach 21st Century Skills in Middle School
21st Century skills are a popular topic among educators, especially in relation to middle school career readiness classes.
As a career readiness curriculum developer, teachers often ask us for ideas on how to best teach these skills.
In this post, we’ll share tips and resources to help you teach 21st Century skills in your middle school courses.
You’ll also discover how to use digital curriculum to easily teach these skills with one instructional resource.
But before we get into the details, it’s important to understand what the phrase “21st Century skills” actually means.
What Are 21st Century Skills?
21st Century skills are 12 abilities that today’s students need to succeed in their future careers:
- Critical thinking
- Information literacy
- Media literacy
- Technology literacy
- Social skills
By mastering these skills, your students will be better equipped to start and grow in whatever career path they choose.
Now that you know what skills we’ll be discussing, let’s dive into how you can teach them!
1. Critical Thinking
Critical thinking involves logically assessing information to make informed decisions.
It’s an important skill many employers expect from new employees, which means there are a ton of articles on how to improve critical thinking skills.
However, these resources often focus on professionals, not middle school students.
To help you effectively teach this skill in your classes, we’ve researched some of the best places to find critical thinking lessons and activities:
- Leonore Annenberg Institute for Civics
- Room 241 from Concordia University
- Global Digital Citizen Foundation
- Teachers Pay Teachers
- Morningside Center
- We Are Teachers
These websites each have great resources to teach critical thinking and other related skills.
Once you’ve tackled critical thinking, add some decision making activities to reinforce the concepts even more.
Creativity empowers people to see concepts in a different light, leading to innovative thinking and problem solving.
In many cases, it’s tough to directly teach students how to be creative thinkers. That’s why we recommend using problem solving lessons to get your students thinking creatively.
Some of the best places you can find lessons that focus on problem solving and creativity are:
- Ed Creative
- Discovery Education
After you’ve introduced creativity and problem solving, you and your students will find that many of the other 21st Century skills can help reinforce them!
Collaboration involves multiple people working together to achieve a common goal.
When teaching collaboration skills in your classroom, it’s common to assign group projects and call it a day. After all, if students are working together, they are learning collaboration skills, right?
While group work can help reinforce collaboration and teamwork, it’s important to address these skills in your daily lessons to make them stick.
To teach collaboration skills that your students will remember you should start by incorporating teamwork lessons and activities.
Once your students understand the importance of good collaboration skills, assigning group work will help to reinforce the concepts and skills you’ve discussed.
Communication is the practice of conveying ideas by using a variety of methods.
With texting and messaging apps, today’s middle school students can communicate quicker than ever before.
But just because it’s easier to connect with others doesn’t mean your students have good communication skills -- especially ones that will translate to the workforce.
When teaching these skills, it’s important to cover multiple facets of communication, including:
- Listening skills
- Verbal communication
- Written communication
- Collaborative communication
- Social media
If you’re wondering how to incorporate all of these pieces in your lessons, here’s a great place to get started: Best Places to Find Communication Lesson Plans for Middle School.
5. Information Literacy
Information literacy gives your students the tools needed to distinguish fact from fiction.
When teaching information literacy, we recommend a five-step approach:
- Define information literacy
- Show examples of trustworthy and untrustworthy information
- Define what makes a source trustworthy
- Encourage critical thinking
- Introduce other 21st Century skills
Following these steps will help your students hone their information literacy skills while reinforcing other skills you’re teaching.
If you need resources to support your information literacy lessons, consider checking out Common Sense Education or the News Literacy Project.
6. Media Literacy
Media literacy helps students analyze media and understand potential issues that can arise when using digital tools.
Often times, media literacy is incorporated as a small piece in some teachers’ digital citizenship lessons.
Some teachers also include social media and cyberbullying as topics within their media literacy lessons, since they are so closely intertwined.
But where exactly can you find resources to help teach such a complex topic?
For media literacy lessons, you can start by looking into:
- Common Sense Education
- NewseumEd’s Fact Finder
- Media Smarts
- The International Literacy Association
These resources can help you dive into how media can influence beliefs and behaviors of people.
If you want to incorporate digital citizenship and social media into your media literacy lessons, check out these additional resources:
- Top Digital Citizenship Activities for Middle School
- Best Places to Find Social Media Lessons for Middle School
- Best Cyberbullying Resources for Middle School
7. Technology Literacy
Technology literacy involves students understanding different applications and the best ways to use them.
If that’s the case in your school, you won’t need to spend much time discussing technology literacy as part of your classes.
However, if you’re required to include lessons on technology literacy, you could connect with the computer teacher to tie in with the skills they are teaching.
Here are a few ideas you could start with:
- Have students create a presentation in the computer class and present it in your class.
- Ask students to write an email in the computer class to practice good communication skills.
- Use a word processing application to create a flyer about a 21st Century skill you’re teaching.
Flexibility is someone’s ability to adapt to change and understand differences in views that can impact decisions.
It involves letting go of control and adapting to decisions you may not always agree with. That makes it one of the most difficult 21st Century skills to teach to middle schoolers.
However, if you approach flexibility in relation to other skills such as collaboration, creativity, and critical thinking you may find it’s easier to teach than you first thought.
To get started, look into some of the popular flexible thinking lessons and activities on Teachers Pay Teachers.
Leadership involves someone’s ability to influence and guide others towards a common goal.
There are hundreds of articles dedicated to helping employers and professionals grow their leadership skills. But finding leadership resources that are relevant to middle school isn’t easy.
When teaching leadership, it’s important to dive into the qualities that make a good leader, including problem solving, teamwork, goal setting, and responsibility.
Some of the best places to find resources that teach leadership qualities include:
- Teachers Pay Teachers
- The Student Leadership Challenge
- Learning to Give
Once you find lessons that break leadership down into more concrete qualities, you’ll find it’s easier to teach than leadership as one topic!
Initiative, sometimes called intrinsic motivation, relates to employees starting projects, creating plans, and executing strategies on their own.
Many websites include tips and tricks for keeping employees motivated, but how can you teach these skills before your students even head for their first interview?
Some of our best tips for teaching initiative include:
- Tie your lessons to the end goal
- Incorporate group work
- Let students work independently
- Find ways to help students stay productive
- Encourage students to discover connections
When teaching your students about initiative it may also be a great time to discuss the six pillars of character and how they can influence someone’s initiative.
Productivity measures how well someone is able to prioritize, plan, and manage their work.
In order to be productive, a person needs to be able to hold themselves accountable for meeting goals and identify when an obstacle may prevent them from meeting that goal.
One of the most important topics to discuss as part of productivity is time management.
When teaching time management skills in middle school, it’s best to tie it back to their current lives rather than looking ahead at the future.
After all, it’s likely your students would benefit from improving their productivity skills right now!
One of the most popular resources to teach time management skills is this article from EduNova.
Use this as a starting point to discuss productivity in your classes and get students thinking about good time management.
Once you’ve discussed the basics, you can tie in with other skills by explaining how problem solving and critical thinking also help people work productively!
12. Social Skills
Social skills are one of the most ambiguous pieces of teaching 21st Century skills in middle school.
Before you can teach social skills, you need to know what that phrase actually means!
As a 21st Century skill, social skills refer to the skills needed to interact effectively with others, especially when working with a diverse group of people.
While this includes having good communication, it’s important to focus on the use of empathy and understanding others who may have different social or cultural backgrounds.
Teaching empathy to middle schoolers may seem nearly impossible.
Luckily we’ve found some stellar resources to help you teach empathy:
- Teaching Tolerance
- The Teachers Guild
- Hasbro & Ashoka
- Preventing Bullying
- Brookes Publishing Co.
- Minneapolis Public Schools
You can also reinforce the importance of empathy and social skills by relating it back to communication and collaboration with others.
Teach 21st Century Skills with a Career Readiness Curriculum
At the end of the day, any of these resources can help you teach 21st Century skills.
If you have a well-established curriculum, these lessons and activities can be excellent supplements.
But if you’re looking for a more structured way to teach 21st Century skills, consider checking out our digital curriculum Business&ITCenter21.
Business&ITCenter21 is designed according to the four phases of education and includes modules organized into lessons, activities, and assessments.
These modules include more than 150 hours of curriculum to teach career readiness and 21st Century skills to middle school students.
Specifically, we recommend using these modules as a starting point to teach 21st Century skills:
- Digital Citizenship
- Business Communication
- Written Communication
- Google Collaboration
- Living Online - Social Communication
- Web Research
- Computing Systems
- Customer Service
These modules will serve as a great place to start when tackling 21st Century skills in your classes.
In addition, you’ll find many other pieces of the curriculum can help support your students’ understanding of these skills.
Overall, Business&ITCenter21 is designed to help your students learn crucial career readiness skills for success in your classroom and the workplace.
This is made possible by providing ready-to-use lesson plans, activities, interactive lessons, projects, and a variety of assessments.
To see whether Business&ITCenter21 is right for you and your students, sign up for your free 30-day trial: