HealthCenter21: Airway - EMT

This module provides an overview of how to assess airways of patients and demonstrate both manual and mechanical techniques to assure a patient airway. Note: The EMT Airway module has additional lessons in artificial ventilation and respiratory management that covers these topics in more depth than the EMR Airway module. 


Unit: The Importance and Urgency of Airway Management

In this activity, students recognize the importance and urgency of airway management by exploring the effects of insufficient oxygen on the body.


Unit: Airway Management

In this unit, students will learn about airway management including how to manually open a patient's airway, suction through the mouth and nose, and insert airway adjuncts. 

  1. Airway Assessment 
  2. Opening the Airway 
  3. Suctioning the Upper Airway 
  4. Airway Adjuncts 
  5. Quiz


Unit: Artificial Ventilation

In this unit, students will learn about the need for artificial ventilation. They will administer ventilation using the mouth-to-mask and bag-valve-mask methods. They will also learn about the safe operation of demand-valves and ATVs, according to the scope of practice for the EMT. 

  1. Ventilation 
  2. Artificial Ventilation 
  3. Mouth-to-Mask Ventilation 
  4. Bag-Valve Mask Ventilation 
  5. Cricoid Pressure 
  6. Demand-Valve Ventilation 
  7. Automatic Transport Ventilator 
  8. Quiz


Unit: Respiration Management

In this unit, students will learn about respiration management. They will learn how to safely use an oxygen cylinder and will practice methods of administering oxygen, such as the nasal cannula and the non-rebreather mask. They will also practice using a humidifier during oxygen therapy. 

  1. Introduction to Respiration 
  2. Supplemental Oxygen 
  3. Nasal Cannula 
  4. Non-Rebreather Mask 
  5. Other Oxygen Delivery Methods 
  6. Humidifiers 
  7. Quiz


Unit: Reflection Questions and Discussion

In this activity, students will journal about the difference between artificial ventilation and supplemental oxygen, constrast normal and abnormal breathing sounds, explain the danger of over-ventilation and describe safety guidelines regarding oxygen. A class discussion on these topics can follow.


Unit: Ethics Debate

In this activity, students research an ethical issue, write a position statement, and then debate the issue.