HealthCenter21: Nutrition & Elimination

This module provides an overview of how nutrition and elimination are related to the overall health of the patient. They learn how to assist patients with meals and meeting elimination needs, and they measure and record intake and output.

 

Unit: Bingo Game


Description
In this activity, students play a Bingo game to explore key terms related to nutrition and elimination.

 

Unit: Optimal Nutrition


Description
In this unit, students will learn about: nutrition, including the six types of nutrients, the percentages of them that make up a healthy diet, and the importance of fiber. They use My Plate to learn the six food groups and recognize that nutrient needs are unique depending upon age, sex, and activity level. 

Lessons
  1. Nutrients 
  2. Food Groups 
  3. Quiz

 

Unit: Diets


Description
In this unit, students will learn about: common facility and therapeutic diets as they identify permitted foods, list typical sequence of post-surgery diets, and explore factors that can affect a person's eating habits including health, age, culture, religion, and personal choice. 

Lessons
  1. Basic Facility Diets 
  2. Therapeutic Diets 
  3. Other Dietary Considerations 
  4. Quiz

 

Unit: Feeding Patients


Description
In this unit, students learn about: the assistant's role during meals and alternative methods of feeding including promoting a positive mealtime atmosphere, identifying principles of food management and safety, preparing and positioning a patient for a meal, setting up and removing a meal tray, helping a patient self-feed, and providing complete assistance. They also learn about enteral nutrition and feedings, IV therapy, and Total Parenteral Nutrition (TPN) and risks. 

Lessons
  1. Meals 
  2. Helping a Patient Self-Feed 
  3. Feeding a Patient 
  4. Alternative Methods of Feeding 
  5. Quiz

 

Unit: Intake and Output


Description
In this unit, students will learn about: intake and output and how fluid balance relates to homeostasis as they identify signs and symptoms of dehydration, learn how to maintain a patient's fluid balance, measure and record patient intake and output, and calculate input and output for a 24-hour period. 

Lessons
  1. Maintaining Fluid Balance 
  2. Recording Intake and Output 
  3. Calculate 24-Hour Intake and Output 
  4. Quiz

 

Unit: Assisting with Toileting


Description
In this unit, students will learn about: elimination needs, including equipment and procedures. They identify the purpose of and ways to reinforce bladder and bowel training. 

Lessons
  1. Elimination Needs 
  2. Bedpan 
  3. Urinal 
  4. Bedside Commode 
  5. Bladder and Bowel Training 
  6. Quiz

 

Unit: Urinary Catheters


Description
In this unit, students will learn about: catheter care, including types of catheters, how to empty a catheter, how to connect to a leg bag, how to apply a condom catheter, and describe observations assistants can make about catheters. 

Lessons
  1. Catheters 
  2. Indwelling Catheter Care 
  3. Emptying a Catheter Drainage Bag 
  4. Connecting a Catheter to a Leg Bag 
  5. Applying a Condom Catheter 
  6. Quiz

 

Unit: Special Bowel Elimination Procedures


Description
In this unit, students will learn about: caring for patients with an ostomy, including the definition and purpose of an ostomy and how to help a patient adjust, the purpose of rectal tubes, suppositories and enemas, types of enemas, and how to give a patient a commercially prepared enema. 

Lessons
  1. Ostomy 
  2. Bowel Aids 
  3. Quiz

 

Unit: Reflection Questions and Discussion


Description
In this activity, students will journal about therapeutic diets, care for catheters, and reasons for monitoring and recording intake and output. A class discussion on these topics can follow.

 

Unit: Creating a Meal Plan


Description
In this project, students work individually as they develop an appetizing and nutritionally-balanced menu for a long-term care facility and select meal plans for patients with dietary restrictions.

 

Unit: Patient Care Scenarios


Description
In this activity, students practice procedures learned in the module using various scenarios -- sometimes in less-than-ideal circumstances.

 

Unit: Current Event


Description
Students will review articles for information related to a topic in the module. Once an article is found, students complete a Current Event form.

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