HealthCenter21: The Surgical Patient

This module provides an overview of the care needed by patients before and after surgery, including preparing patients both physically and emotionally for surgery and recognizing and reporting infection after surgery.

 

Unit: Empathy and Sensitivity Role Play


Description
In this activity, students work in teams on how to talk to surgical patients about their fears and concerns.

 

Unit: Surgery


Description
In this unit, students will learn about: types of surgery, including elective, required, and emergency surgery and major and minor surgery. They learn about infection control and medical and surgical asepsis, standard precautions during surgery, providing psychological care to patients undergoing surgery including fears patients may have. 

Lessons
  1. Surgery 
  2. Infection Control 
  3. Psychological Care 
  4. Quiz

 

Unit: Preoperative Care


Description
In this unit, students will learn about: preoperative care, including operative information and postoperative instructions, preoperative checklists, and surgical consent. They learn about patient skin preparation and the assistant's responsibilities providing care on the day of surgery. 

Lessons
  1. Preoperative Care 
  2. Before the Day of Surgery 
  3. The Day of Surgery 
  4. Prepare the Skin 
  5. Quiz

 

Unit: Operative Care


Description
In this unit, students will learn about: operative care, including minor surgical procedures, how the surgical room and sterile tray are prepared for and cleaned up after surgery, preventing sterile items from being contaminated, and techniques for placing instruments, supplies and sterile solutions on a sterile tray. 

Lessons
  1. Operative Care 
  2. Surgical Room 
  3. Sterile Tray 
  4. Quiz

 

Unit: Postoperative Care


Description
In this unit, students will learn about: postoperative care as they identify signs of infection and learn how to prepare a postoperative unit. 

Lessons

  1. Postoperative Care 
  2. Prepare the Postoperative Unit 
  3. Quiz

 

Unit: Compressive Garments & Breathing Exercises


Description
In this unit, students will learn about how to apply a binder and elasticized stockings and assist with deep breathing and coughing exercises. 

Lessons
  1. Binders 
  2. Assist Breathing/Coughing 
  3. Elasticized Stockings 
  4. Quiz

 

Unit: Reflection Questions and Discussion


Description
In this activity, students will journal about what should be done before and after surgery, recognize symptoms of post-operative infections and identify common patient concerns. A class discussion on these topics can follow.

 

Unit: Kids' Craft


Description
In this project, students work individually to design a developmentally-appropriate craft that children can make and give to a loved one who is a surgical patient.

 

Unit: Patient Care Scenarios


Description
In this activity, students practice procedures learned in the module using various scenarios -- sometimes in less-than-ideal circumstances.

 

Unit: Current Event


Description
Students will review articles for information related to a topic in the module. Once an article is found, students complete a Current Event form.

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