This module provides an overview of emergency care as students learn to assess emergency situations and react appropriately to bone and joint injuries, shock, open wounds, severe burns, foreign bodies, poisoning, heart attacks, strokes, diabetic reactions, seizures, convulsions, and heat and cold related illnesses.
In this activity, students will demonstrate the proper use and care of equipment used in emergency care such as: crutches, sterile gauze pad, roller gauze, elastic bandage and triangular bandage.
Unit: Introduction to Emergency Care
In this unit, students will learn about: the principles of emergency care, the roles of first aid providers in handling them, and legal issues such as the Good Samaritan Acts and scope of practice.
1. Emergency Care
Unit: Injury Care Techniques
In this unit, students will learn about: techniques for injury care including dressings and bandages, slings and splints, and crutches and crutch gaits.
1. Dressings and Bandages
2. Slings and Splints
Unit: Shock and Bone/Joint Injuries
In this unit, students will learn about: causes, symptoms and treatment of shock and the symptoms and proper care of bone and joint injuries such as fractures, dislocations, sprains, and strains.
2. Bones and Joints
Unit: Wounds and Burns
In this unit, students will learn about: wounds and burns as they differentiate between closed and open wounds and first-degree, second-degree, and third-degree burns and learn to treat wounds and burns.
Unit: Foreign Bodies and Poison
In this unit, students will learn about: types of and treatment for foreign bodies and signs and symptoms of poisoning and how to contact the Poison Control Center and treat a poisoning victim.
1. Foreign Bodies
Unit: Extreme Temperatures
In this unit, students will learn about: the dangers of exposure to extreme temperature, including heat cramps, heat exhaustion, heat stroke, hypothermia and frostbite. They will learn how to provide care in various heat and cold exposure situations.
1. Heat Exposure
2. Cold Exposure
Unit: Sudden Illnesses
In this unit, students will learn about: sudden illnesses, including heart attack, stroke, fainting, diabetes, and seizures. They will learn signs, symptoms, and how to react to patients experiencing a sudden illness.
1. Heart Attack
Unit: Reflection Questions and Discussion
In this activity, students will journal about legal parameters relating to the administration of emergency care, first aid and emergency care, and the appropriate actions in emergency situations. A class discussion can follow.
Unit: Emergency Scenarios
In this activity, students will work in groups to respond to an emergency situation that requires first aid and/or CPR. They will also record actions taken in these situations.
Unit: Current Event
Students will review articles for information related to a topic in the module. Once an article is found, students complete a Current Event form.