Students learn to assess a patient for traumatic injury, as well as identify mechanisms of injury. Students learn proper emergency care for: bleeding; soft tissue trauma; chest and abdominal trauma; head, face, and neck trauma; spinal and orthopedic trauma; and environmental trauma. Students also discover how to manage trauma when multiple body systems are affected and trauma in special populations.
In this unit, students will learn about bleeding. They will distinguish between internal and external bleeding and will recognize the signs and symptoms of each. They will also learn how to manage external bleeding by using direct pressure, elevation, and pressure points.
1. Introduction to Bleeding
2. External Bleeding
3. Bleeding from the Nose, Ears, and Mouth
4. Internal Bleeding
Unit: Soft Tissue Trauma
In this unit, students will learn about soft tissue trauma. They will distinguish between various types of closed and open soft tissue wounds. They will also learn proper emergency care for these wounds, including methods for dressing and bandaging open wounds. Finally, they will identify several classifications of burns and demonstrate appropriate treatment.
2. Closed Soft Tissue Injuries
3. Open Soft Tissue Injuries
4. Dressings and Bandages
Unit: Chest & Abdominal Trauma
In this unit, students will learn about chest and abdominal trauma. They will learn to identify signs and symptoms of chest and abdominal trauma and learn how to provide emergency care for closed and open chest wounds. Finally, they will demonstrate how to apply an occlusive dressing to a sucking chest wound and a moist dressing to an abdominal evisceration.
1. Chest Trauma
2. Abdominal Trauma
Unit: Head, Face, & Neck Trauma
In this unit, students will learn about trauma to the head, face, and neck. They will learn how to assess and provide emergency care for open and closed head wounds, an impaled object in the cheek, eye injuries, and an open neck wound.
1. Head Trauma
2. Face Trauma
3. Eye Trauma
4. Neck Trauma
Unit: Spinal & Orthopedic Trauma
In this unit, students will learn about spinal and orthopedic trauma. They will identify the mechanisms of injury which may result in spinal or orthopedic trauma, and they will learn proper assessment methods, including checking a patient's circulation and neurological, motor, and sensory functions. Finally, students will learn techniques for removing helmets from spinal trauma patients.
1. Spinal Trauma
2. Helmet Removal
3. Orthopedic Trauma
Unit: Environmental Trauma
In this unit, students will learn about environmental trauma. They will learn how to provide emergency care to cold- or heat-related emergencies, including hypothermia, frostbite, heat cramps, heat exhaustion, and heat stroke. Finally, students will identify proper rescue techniques for drowning patients.
1. Exposure to Cold
2. Exposure to Heat
3. Water-Related Incidents
Unit: Multi-System Trauma & Other Considerations
In this unit, students will learn about multi-system trauma. They will explain the principles of the Golden Hour and the Platinum 10 Minutes in relation to trauma care. Students will also discover how to provide emergency care to multi-system trauma patients. They will learn about trauma care for pregnant, pediatric, and geriatric patients. Finally, they will identify the types of trauma to which these groups are particularly prone and how to provide appropriate emergency care to these patients.
1. Multi-System Trauma
2. Trauma Considerations