In the United States, career technical education (CTE) is found in every state and most school districts.
On the national level, CTE is made up of 16 career pathways that each state uses as a foundation for its own CTE programs. From that foundation, each state tweaks those pathways to fit the needs of their workforce -- sometimes adding, changing, or removing certain pathways.
In California, CTE is made up of 15 career pathways:
On this page, we’ll discuss the details of each career pathway to see how California approaches CTE compared to the rest of the country.
We’ll also give some insight into the next big thing for CTE in California.
But first, let’s take a look at how CTE works in California.
The California Department of Education (CDE) has a large focus on CTE programs. The ultimate goal of CTE programs in California is to have a strong, capable workforce that continues to build upon itself.
“We seek the day when every enterprise in California -- public and private -- has access to a pool of talent that both attracts the world’s leading business and hastens the development and success of new ones, creating opportunities for all.”
Tom Torlakson, State Superintendent of Public Instruction
To meet this goal, each pathway in California has dedicated CTE model curriculum standards that ensure students across the state all learn the same information, no matter where they go to school.
In addition to the pathway-specific standards, all CTE programs must meet California’s Standards for Career Ready Practice.
These standards “describe the fundamental knowledge and skills that a career-ready student needs in order to prepare for transition to postsecondary education, career training, or the workforce.”
To help teachers and administrators hit these goals and prepare students for the workforce, the CDE provides a number of resources.
Two of the most useful resources for teachers are the California Career Resource Network (CalCRN) and CTE Online. Both websites have lesson plans, activities, and more for a range of grade levels and career pathways.
In addition, students interested in CTE programs have opportunities to join a career technical student organization.
Overall, with clear standards and an abundance of resources, it’s clear that CTE is in full force in California!
Now that you have an idea of how CTE works in California, let’s dive into the 15 career pathways.
The Agriculture & Natural Resources (ANR) pathway is California’s version of the national Agriculture, Food, & Natural Resources career cluster.
The California ANR pathways has the same number of subsections as the national version. However, they have slightly different focuses:
California has a large focus on agricultural education and requires all programs to consist of three components: classroom instruction, leadership activities, and supervised agricultural experience projects.
The CTSO connected with the ANR pathways is the California FFA Association, which is a state-specific version of the National FFA Organization.
The Arts, Media, & Entertainment (AME) pathway is similar to the national Arts, A/V Technology, & Communications cluster. However, the California pathway only has four subsections:
Each subsection has a number of courses that are put into three buckets: introduction, concentration, and capstone.
In addition, depending on the occupation a student desires within the AME pathway, they will need to go on and earn a certification or degree.
Unlike the ANR pathway, there is no CTSO for students interested in arts, media, and entertainment.
The Building & Construction Trades (BCT) pathway in California is vastly different when compared to the national career cluster. California splits building and construction into four career areas:
In addition, California segments BCT as part of a larger program called Industrial & Technology Education (ITE).
There is no CTSO specific to careers in building and construction, but the CDE encourages students to join SkillsUSA California.
The Business & Finance pathway in California is a combination of two national clusters. Even encompassing two national career clusters, this pathway only has three subsections:
Another difference from the national level is that the Business & Finance pathway is part of a larger program called Business & Marketing Education.
The CTSO for students in the Business & Finance pathway is California Future Business Leaders of America (CA FBLA).
Similar to the previous pathway, the Education, Child Development, & Family Services (ECDFS) pathway is a combination of two national career clusters. This is shown in the four subsections of the pathway:
In addition, the ECDFS pathway falls under the umbrella program of Family & Consumer Sciences Education (FCS).
The most relevant CTSO for students in this pathway is the California Family, Career, & Community Leaders of America (CA FCCLA).
The Energy, Environment, & Utilities cluster is unique to California. Students in this pathway learn knowledge and skills related to three areas:
Like the Building & Construction Trades pathway, this one falls under the larger ITE program.
Currently, there are no CTSOs for students to join in the Energy, Environment, & Utilities pathway.
In California, the Engineering & Architecture pathway is modeled after parts of two national career clusters. Courses in this pathway fall under four areas:
As with the Energy, Environment, & Utilities cluster, this pathway falls into the ITE program and there are no relevant CTSOs.
Another career pathway unique to California is Fashion & Interior Design. It is made up of three specific areas:
As with many other pathways, Fashion & Interior Design is part of the larger FCS program.
The CTSO most relevant for students interested in fashion and interior design is the CA FCCLA.
The Health Science & Medical Technology (HSMT) pathway is similar to the national health science career cluster. The biggest difference is that California has six subsections while the national version has five:
California has a huge focus on health careers education. The ultimate goal of the program is for students to start building their path to health care careers as early as kindergarten!
Students in the HSMT pathway can join the California HOSA (Cal-HOSA), a state-specific version of the national HOSA-Future Health Professionals organization.
The Hospitality, Tourism, & Recreation pathway in California closely aligns to the national Hospitality & Tourism cluster. The main difference is that California only has three subsections:
Just like the Fashion & Interior Design pathway, the Hospitality, Tourism, & Recreation pathway falls under the California FCS program.
The most relevant CTSO for students interested in hospitality and tourism related careers is the CA FCCLA.
The California Information & Communication Technologies pathway is very similar to the national Information Technology career cluster.
The pathway is made up of four subsections:
There are no CTSOs in California related to careers in information and communication technologies.
The Manufacturing & Product Design pathway is California’s version of the national Manufacturing career cluster, but it’s adjusted to meet the needs in California.
Rather than six areas, California lists four:
Like the Engineering & Architecture pathway, Manufacturing & Product Design is part of the ITE program and there are no relevant CTSOs.
The California Marketing, Sales, & Services pathway is very similar to the national Marketing career cluster. However, the California pathway is more focused on three specific areas:
In addition, this pathway is part of the overarching Business & Marketing Education program in California.
The most relevant CTSO for students in the Marketing, Sales, & Services pathway is California DECA.
The Public Services pathway is California’s version of the national Law, Public Safety, Corrections, & Security career cluster. However, in California there are only three subsections:
The CDE recommends students in the Public Services pathway join the SkillsUSA California CTSO.
California’s Transportation pathway is a more focused version of the national Transportation, Distribution, & Logistics career cluster. At the national level, the cluster is made up of seven subsections. In California, it’s focused on three areas:
Like a number of other pathways, Transportation is part of the larger ITE program and there are no relevant CTSOs.
Now that we’ve gone over the 15 California career pathways, let’s talk about the next big thing in California CTE -- digital curriculum.
With CTE programs on the rise in California and more students than ever entering these programs, educators are feeling the strain to give each student a quality education.
To meet these needs, many California teachers have turned to digital curriculum.
A digital curriculum is online software built with your CTE programs and students in mind. It’s made to empower teachers with ready-to-use resources, classroom management tools, automatic grading, and more.
Because it’s online, digital curriculum is kept up to date as industry requirements and course standards change.
That means your students are getting the most relevant education and will be better prepared for their careers -- all without you needing to start from scratch!
Hundreds of CTE instructors across California are already embracing digital curriculum.
Don’t miss out on taking your program to the next level. Learn more about digital curriculum today!